Definitions of terms (D-E) used in Snooker and English Billiards
The semi-circle in the exact centre of the Baulk-line, on a full-sized table this has a radius of 11½ inches.
See:- Baulk · In-Hand
A cannon played directly from the first object-ball to the second.
See:- Cannon/s · Indirect Cannon
A stroke in which either the cue-ball or the object-ball contacts one or more cushions before completing the shot.
See:- Cocked-Hat · Shot to Nothing
Double-Baulk - English Billiards
Describes the position where both the red and the non-striker's cue-ball are behind the baulk-line, and the striker is 'In-Hand'. When playing from this position, the striker must cause the cue-ball to contact a cushion that is out of the baulk area before it makes contact with either object-ball.
See:- Baulk · Baulk-Line · In-Hand · Line-Ball
Describes the cue-ball striking the same object-ball twice, and the reaction caused by the cue-ball striking an object-ball that is close to or touching a cushion, and then being forced away when the object-ball rebounds from the cushion.
A stroke in which the cue-ball is struck sharply below centre, with little or no follow-through of the cue. This causes the cue-ball to slide, or skid through the early part of its run. Friction on the cloth gradually slows the cue-ball until the drag effect is diminished enough to let it roll naturally. Side, if used with drag, does not begin to function until the cue-ball has lost the drag effect.
See:- Back-Spin · Screw · Stun
Dump Shot - Snooker
A safety stroke played when there is no easy way to return the cue-ball to the baulk area. Usually played with a fairly thick contact on the object-ball to send that towards baulk, while the cue-ball comes to rest close to the top cushion.
See:- Attacking Safety · Containing Safety · Safety
The correct name given to the form of Billiards as it is played in the UK. Three balls are used:- one plain white, one spot white (or yellow), and one red. The three methods of scoring are:-
by causing the cue-ball to contact both object-balls, value - 2 points.
A Losing Hazard:-
by going 'In-Off' either object-ball, value - white (or yellow) 2 points, red 3 points.
A Winning Hazard:-
by potting either object-ball, value - white (or yellow) 2 points, red 3 points.
To start the game the red is placed on the 'Spot' and the first player must play his cue-ball at it from the 'D'. His opponent's cue-ball is not on the table until his first visit, when he too must play from the 'D'. The winner is the first player to reach a predetermined number of points, or the player with the highest score at the end of a specified period of time.
The full rules can be found on the website of the World Snooker Association.
English Billiard Table
The correct name given to the tables on which English Billiards and Snooker are played.