From "Hoyle's Games Improved" by Charles Jones Esq., published 1803
INTRODUCTIONRules 27 - 52Rules 1 - 26
For the better comprehending of the method of playing, the editor has added two copper plates; the first shews how the forts, &c. are to be placed; the other is a plan of the table when mounted, accurately measured, by which the various angles are ascertained, and is calculated for the serious player.
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First, there are ten forts made of wood, in the form of castles, which are to have lead put in them for the purpose of making them heavy, so that in playing the balls they may not be moved from their places. In the front of each fort, at the bottom, is an arch, full wide and high enough to admit the ball, which is to be put through it to attack the fort, and within the arch of each fort a small bell is hung.
Secondly, the pass through which each of the adversary's attacking balls must pass, before a fort can be taken.
Lastly, the grand batteries, and ten flags or colours.
Two of the forts, called the grand forts, are to be made larger than the rest, and to have an arch cut through them of the size the others have. Five of the forts, including one of the grand forts, one of the batteries, and five of the flags or colours, are usually painted red, and the forts and battery are to be pointed like brick-work, which colour denotes them to be English; on each fort one red colour is to be hoisted on the centre of the front thereof. The other five forts, grand fort included, battery and colours, are to be of a white colour; the forts and battery to be pointed with black like stone, are called French, one white colour to be hoisted on each as before mentioned.
The pass, which serves for the purpose of both parties attacking balls to go through, is to be made in the form of the grand forts, but rather longer for distinction, and to have an arch of the size of the grand forts, and is to be painted of different colours; viz. one of the ends where the arch is, of a red, to continue half way of each side, and the same on the top; the other end of the arch is to be white, and to continue in the same colour over the other half as before.
There are likewise two colours to be hoisted on the pass, viz. one red and the other white; the red to be hoisted at the English end, and the white at the French end. The pass is to be placed in the centre of the table, the red end to face the English forts, and the white end the French forts.
The limits of each party's quarter, is from the end cushion, where his forts are place, to his pass on each side of the table. The red or English forts are to possess one end of the table, called the English quarter. The white or French forts are to possess the other end of the table, called the French quarter.
The two forts in each quarter in the first angle from the pass are to be taken first, which are therefore called the advance forts. The two forts in the second angle are to be taken next, which are called the reserved forts. Lastly, the grand fort, with the battery placed before the same, is the last to be taken.
The height of the advanced and the reserved forts is to be five inches and a half, the breadth and length of the advanced forts five inches to the square, and the length of the reserved forts are five inches and a half, and the back of them to be rounded off. The height of the grand forts is to be five inches and a half, the breadth and length six inches and a quarter. The batteries are made in a triangular form, the height of them are three inches, the breadth at the extremity are two inches and a half, and the length three inches and a half. The height of the pass is five inches and a half, the breadth six inches and a quarter, and the length seven inches. The height of the concave in the forts where the attacking ball must enter, is three inches, the breadth two inches and a half, the depth two inches and three quarters.
The bell which is to be within the arch in each fort, must be hung one inch and a half within it.
The balls which are to be played with at this game, are to be one inch and three eighths diameter.
INTRODUCTIONRules 27 - 52Rules 1 - 26
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